Registration of political parties under Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951
GS PAPER - 02 POLITY - Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.
★The commission has announced the elections for the Lok Sabha and Assemblies to Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Arunachal Pradesh on 10th March, 2019.
★Therefore, in view of the current elections, the Commission has given one time relaxation and has reduced the notice period from 30 days to 7 days for the parties who have published their public notice by 10th March, 2019 i.e. date of announcement of election.
Procedure for Registration :
★Registration of Political parties is governed by the provisions of Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.
★A party seeking registration under the said Section with the Commission has to submit an application to the Commission within a period of 30 days following the date of its formation as per guidelines prescribed by the Election Commission of India in exercise of the powers conferred by Article 324 of the Commission of India and Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.
★As per existing guidelines, the applicant association is inter-alia asked to publish proposed Name of the party in two national daily news papers and two local daily newspapers, on two days in same news papers, for inviting objections, if any, with regard to the proposed registration of the party before the Commission within a 30 days from such publication.
Source :- PIB
France slaps sanctions on JeM chief Azhar
GS PAPER - 02 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS - Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests
★France on Friday imposed sanctions on Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) chief Masood Azhar, including a freeze on his assets.
★The announcement came just over a day after China blocked a UN Security Council (UNSC) move to get the Pakistan-based Azhar Masood designated as a global terrorist.
★France’s ban on Azhar Masood sends out a strong political signal that Pakistan is harbouring a terrorist and helps in further isolating Pakistan on the world stage.
★France's decision could pave way for JeM chief Masood Azhar being included in a European Union list of terrorists
★Getting him listed as an international terrorist by the EU would show that the international community is not helpless against Chinese blocking tactics. This is a political signal to China too. India’s strategic partnership with France is getting depth
Source :- The Hindu
Strong inflows help push rupee to a six-month high
GS PAPER - 03 ECONOMY - Growth , Development and empolyment
★The rupee, which has been steadily appreciating in recent days, closed on Friday at 69.10 to a dollar, its highest level since August 10, 2018.
★Strong inflow in both debt and equity segments helped the currency to hit a six-month high against the dollar.
Factors Responsible for Foreign fund Inflow :
★The recent decision of the RBI for a currency swap to infuse rupee liquidity is expected to bring down hedging cost, prompting inflows in the short end of the corporate debt.
★There is some stability in the emerging markets. In India, we are seeing consistent inflows in equity and debt segment.
★There is a positive seasonality for rupee in March
Source :- The Hindu
Exports rise 2.44%; trade deficit narrows
GS PAPER - 03 ECONOMY - Growth, development and employment.
★According to data released by the Ministry of Commerce,India’s trade deficit has reduced by $9.6 billion in February,2019.
More about the news:
★India’s merchandise exports rose to USD 26.67 billion in February from USD 26.03 per cent in the year-ago month mainly on account of higher shipments in sectors such as pharmaceutical, engineering and electronics.
★Imports declined by 5.4 per cent to USD 36.26 billion in the last month, narrowing the trade deficit to USD 9.6 billion.
★As per the data, the decline in imports was mainly on account of sharp decline in inward shipments of gold and petroleum products.
Source :- The Hindu
SBI launches cardless ATM withdrawals
GS PAPER - 03 ECONOMY
★The State Bank of India launched cardless cash withdrawal facility for its customers using the YONO app from its ATMs across the country.
YONO Cash :
★YONO cash is designed to help SBI customers withdraw cash without a physical debit card
★SBI said that transactions using YONO will be secured with two-factor authentication and will also eliminate the risk of skimming and cloning.
★The initiative will address concern of using debit card at the ATMs for cash withdrawals by eliminating possible risk associated with it.
★Through YONO, the endeavor is to create a digital universe by integrating the entire transactions ecosystem under one platform in the next 2 years
Working of YONO :
★SBI customers can use the YONO app on their smartphones to withdraw cash from SBI ATMs, or YONO Cash Points, without using their debit and credit cards.
★Once a request for withdrawing cash is placed, a 6-digit code will be sent to the user’s phone via SMS, which will then have to be entered into a YONO Cash Point.
Source :- Livemint
Mosquito-killing drug offers new tool for fighting malaria
GS PAPER - 03 SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY - Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
A recent study found that, An anti-worm drug, which makes human blood lethal to mosquitoes, could reduce malaria cases in young children by 20 per cent
The drug reduced malaria infections from 2.5 cases per child to two and caused no obvious side effects, according to research published in The Lancet journal .
Key findings :
The drug, ivermectin, has been used for decades to treat parasitic diseases including river blindness and scabies, but could also be used to prevent malaria infections spreading.
The ivermectin could be a crucial new tool in the battle to eradicate the disease.
The drug effectively makes a person’s blood lethal to the mosquitoes who bite them, reducing malaria infections by killing the insects themselves.
When used in combination with other interventions, ivermectin could prevent disease transmission in communities and help to reach malaria elimination.
Data’s and Facts :
Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes.
In 2017, there were roughly 219 million malaria cases worldwide (an increase of 3.5 million from 2016), and an estimated 435,000 malaria death
In 2017, sub-Saharan Africa was home to 90% of malaria cases and 91% of malaria deaths
More than two thirds (70%) of all malaria deaths occur in children under the age of five.
Symptoms usually appear 10–15 days after the infective mosquito bite and include fever, headache, chills and vomiting.
When properly treated, a patient with malaria can expect a complete recovery.
Source :- The Hindu
A fresh warning [ Editorial / opinion]
GS PAPER - 03 ENVIRONMENT - Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
The sixth edition of the Global Environment Outlook from the UN Environment Programme has come as another stark warning: the world is unsustainably extracting resources and producing unmanageable quantities of waste.
the linear model of economic growth depends on the extraction of ever-higher quantities of materials, leading to chemicals flowing into air, water and land.
As a consequence, this causes ill-health and premature mortality, and affects the quality of life, particularly for those unable to insulate themselves from these effects.
UN Report, GEO-6 - india’s Perspective :
The UN report, GEO-6, on the theme “Healthy Planet, Healthy People,” has some sharp pointers for India.
It notes that East and South Asia have the highest number of deaths due to air pollution; by one estimate, it killed about 1.24 million in India in 2017.
It is significant that GEO-6 estimates that the top 10% of populations globally, in terms of wealth, are responsible for 45% of GHG emissions, and the bottom 50% for only 13%.
As India’s population grows, it must worry that agricultural yields are coming under stress due to increase in average temperature and erratic monsoons.
The implications of these forecasts for food security and health are all too evident, more so for the 148 million people living in severe weather ‘hotspots’.
Evidently, the task before India is to recognise the human cost of poorly enforced environment laws and demonstrate the political will necessary to end business-as-usual policies.
That would mean curbing the use of fossil fuels and toxic chemicals across the spectrum of economic activity.
Targeting Measures Required:
There are some targeted interventions that only require the resolve to reduce air and water pollution, and which in turn promise early population-level benefits.
Aggressive monitoring of air quality in cities through scaled-up facilities would bring about a consensus on cutting emissions of greenhouse gases, and provide the impetus to shift to cleaner sources of energy.
Way forward :
Pollution impacts are, however, borne more by the poorer citizens. Combating air pollution would, therefore, require all older coal-based power plants in India to conform to emission norms at the earliest, or to be shut down in favour of renewable energy sources.
Further, transport emissions are a growing source of urban pollution, and a quick transition to green mobility is needed.
In the case of water, the imperative is to stop the contamination of surface supplies by chemicals, sewage and municipal waste.
As the leading extractor of groundwater, India needs to make water part of a circular economy in which it is treated as a resource that is recovered, treated and reused.
Unfortunately, water protection gets low priority, and State governments show no urgency in augmenting rainwater harvesting. New storage areas act as a supply source when monsoons fail, and help manage floods when there is excess rainfall.