6th MARCH 2019 DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS
Swachh Bharat mission (SBM) :
★ To accelerate the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage and to put focus on sanitation, the Prime Minister of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on 2nd October, 2014.
★ The Mission Coordinator for SBM is Secretary, Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS) with two Sub-Missions, the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) and the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban). Together, they aim to achieve Swachh Bharat by 2019, as a fitting tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th Birth Anniversary.
★ The aim of Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) is to achieve a clean and Open Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2nd October, 2019.
★ To bring about an improvement in the general quality of life in the rural areas, by promoting cleanliness, hygiene and eliminating open defecation.
★ To motivate communities to adopt sustainable sanitation practices and facilities through awareness creation and health education.
★ To encourage cost effective and appropriate technologies for ecologically safe and sustainable sanitation.
★ To develop community managed sanitation systems focusing on scientific Solid & Liquid Waste Management systems for overall cleanliness in the rural areas.
★ To create significant positive impact on gender and promote social inclusion by improving sanitation especially in marginalized communities.
★ Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) is a preferential tariff system extended by developed countries to developing countries which allows zero tariff imports from developing countries.
★ The primary objective of GSP is to give development support to poor countries by promoting exports from them into the developed countries.
★ The GSP of US provides preferential duty-free entry for up to 4,800 products from 129 designated countries.
★ According to World Bank data, India is currently the largest beneficiary of the GSP programme.
★ Indian exporters benefit indirectly – through the benefit that accrues to the importer by way of reduced tariff or duty free entry of eligible Indian products.
★ Reduction or removal of import duty on an Indian product makes it more competitive to the importer – other things (e.g. quality) being equal.
★ This tariff preference helps new exporters to penetrate a market and established exporters to increase their market share and to improve upon the profit margins, in the donor country.