27th FEBRUARY 2019 DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS
Non military preemptive strike :
★ A non military preemptive strike means that a military target has not been hit by the Indian Air Force that carried out the strikes. Hitting a military target would be construed as an act of war.
★ India, therefore, clarified that it was a non military strike. By calling it a preemptive action, it has taken the diplomatic pressure off itself that it acted to take revenge or for retribution. It has instead made it an act of self defence.
★ The phrasing of “non-military preemptive action” was important for two reasons. Given that use of airpower inside Pakistani mainland territory is bound to be considered an act of war, India by calling it non-military wanted to reassure everyone that it is not such an act.
★ That India chose not to target the Pakistan military or civilians but a terror camp was an important part of the Indian argument for preventing any escalation by the Pakistani side.
★ The words “preemptive action” were to suggest that the airstrike was not an act of revenge or retribution but an act of self-defence to prevent a likely terror attack in the future. All these phrases point to an effort to couch the action in terms that have a de-escalatory tone, giving Pakistan the space it may need to de-escalate
Citizenship Amendment Bill 2016 :
★ The Bill amends the Citizenship Act, 1955 to make illegal migrants who are Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, eligible for citizenship.
Declaring 5 year I-T returns a must for poll candidates