18th January 2019 Daily Current affairs
Lokpal and Lokayukta Act 2013:
★ The Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, 2013 seeks to provide for the establishment of Lokpal for the Union and Lokayukta for States to inquire into allegations of corruption against certain public functionaries and for related matters.
★ The act extends to whole of India, including Jammu & Kashmir and is applicable to "public servants" within and outside India.
★ The act mandates for creation of Lokpal for Union and Lokayukta for states.
★ The institution of Lokpal is a statutory body without any constitutional backing.
★ Lokpal is a multi member body, made up of one chairperson and maximum of 8 members.
★ The person who is to be appointed as the chairperson of the Lokpal should be either the former Chief Justice of India Or the former Judge of Supreme Court Or an eminent person with impeccable integrity and outstanding ability, having special knowledge and expertise of minimum 25 years in the matters relating to anti-corruption policy, public administration, vigilance, finance including insurance and banking, law and management.
★ Out of the maximum eight members, half will be judicial members. Minimum fifty per cent of the Members will be from SC / ST / OBC / Minorities and women.
☆ The judicial member of the Lokpal should be either a former Judge of the Supreme Court or a former Chief Justice of a High Court.
☆ The non-judicial member should be an eminent person with impeccable integrity and outstanding ability, having special knowledge and expertise of minimum 25 years in the matters relating to anti-corruption policy, public administration, vigilance, finance including insurance and banking, law and management.
★ The members are appointed by the president on the recommendation of a selection committee.
★ The selection committee is composed of the Prime Minister who is the Chairperson; Speaker of Lok Sabha ,Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha ,Chief Justice of India or a Judge nominated by him / her, and One eminent jurist.
Jurisdiction of Lokpal:
★ The jurisdiction of the Lokpal will include the Prime Minister except on allegations of corruption relating to international relations, security, the public order, atomic energy and space and unless a Full Bench of the Lokpal and at least two-thirds of members approve an inquiry.
★ The Lokpal will also have jurisdiction over Ministers and MPs but not in the matter of anything said in Parliament or a vote given there.
★ Lokpal’s jurisdiction will cover all categories of public servants.
★ Group A, B, C or D officers defined as such under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 will be covered under the Lokpal but any corruption complaint against Group A and B officers, after inquiry, will come to the Lokpal.
☆ However, in the case of Group C and D officers, the Chief Vigilance Commissioner will investigate and report to the Lokpal.
Powers of Lokpal:
★ It has powers to superintendence over, and to give direction to CBI.
★ If it has referred a case to CBI, the investigating officer in such case cannot be transferred without approval of Lokpal.
★ Powers to authorize CBI for search and seizure operations connected to such case.
★ The Inquiry Wing of the Lokpal has been vested with the powers of a civil court.
★ Lokpal has powers of confiscation of assets, proceeds, receipts and benefits arisen or procured by means of corruption in special circumstances
★ Lokpal has the power to recommend transfer or suspension of public servant connected with allegation of corruption.
★ Lokpal has power to give directions to prevent destruction of records during preliminary inquiry.
U. R. Rao Satellite Centre:
U.R. Rao Satellite Centre (URSC), Bengaluru is the lead centre of ISRO for design, development and integration of satellites for communication, remote sensing, navigation and scientific studies.
★ UNOOSA (United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs) works to promote international cooperation in the peaceful uses and exploration of space.
★ It also promotes the utilisation of space science and technology for sustainable economic and social development.
★ The Office assists any United Nations Member State to establish legal and regulatory frameworks to govern space activities.
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